Table-top Grinders

Roll grinders in table-top design for highest precision

Herkules’ product range comprises different types of high-performance table-top grinders. Table-top grinders are characterized by outstanding accuracy. The roll length determines the length of the table. Compared to a machine with travelling saddle, this results in a relatively large surface contact area between table and machine bed guideways. Smaller roll sizes benefit from the exceptionally precise and accurate grinding results achieved by this design. The intuitively operable control developed within the HerkulesGroup specifically for roll grinders also contributes to this high degree of precision.

Beyond precision, Herkules table-top machines stand for highest performance and efficiency. The combination of the ultra-fast control and measuring systems allows for correction grinding on the fly. Corrections are carried out during the grinding process so that additional machine runs are no longer required.

Quality made by Herkules

All core components of the machines are manufactured to very high standards within the company group. Excellent quality, flexibility and a long service life are thus guaranteed. All table-top machines can be equipped with our patented sandwich-designed MonolithTM machine bed. The advantages: outstanding damping properties, thermostability, and significantly lower foundation costs.

Robust engineering for absolute precision

The design of Herkules table-top machines is characterized by excellent precision, great mechanical rigidity and damping as well as a finely tuned measuring and control technology.

The heavily ribbed design guarantees the stiffness of the machines. The combination of hydrodynamically and hydrostatically lubricated guideways ensures the highest precision and a long service life. Thanks to their symmetric load distribution, the machines are absolutely thermostable.

As a result of decades of experience in the construction of roll grinding machines as well as their modular design, Herkules is able to develop solutions which are specifically tailored to your application.

+ Grinding saddle

The grinding saddle is characterized by thermostable and wear-resistant double V-guideways. They have a self-centering effect on the grinding head and absorb torsional forces during the grinding process particularly well. Therefore, the grinding head is ideally guided at all times and produces consistent grinding results when machining big rolls (grinding head retracted) as well as on small rolls (grinding head extended).

Combining hydrodynamic and hydrostatic spindle lubrication allows using the advantages of both lubrication systems. The advantage of the hydrostatic part is that it prevents metallic friction, especially during the initial and final stage of the spindle operation. The hydrodynamic lubrication produces an oil pressure of 750 bar, which would be impossible to reach with hydrostatic lubrication. This ensures that the grinding spindle is always positioned right at the center of the rotation/bearing axis, regardless of load conditions.

Grinding all kinds of different barrel shapes (concave, convex, CVC or smart crown) requires an infeed within fractions of a micrometre in X-axis direction. The mechanical tilting axis (C-axis) that was specially developed for this purpose guarantees such infeed values without any play. Reverse backlash or stick-slip-effects are completely ruled out.

+ Headstock

The headstock is designed as a single-piece cast iron housing which remains torsionally rigid and dimensionally stable even under great load.

+ Tailstock

The tailstock is also made of high-quality cast iron. It ensures the precise positioning of the roll in Z-direction. The tailstock can be equipped with a fully automatic dresser and a device for gauging measuring systems. Further equipment options are a motor-driven longitudinal motion, motor-hydraulic motion of the quill or a turning device for grinding in chocks.

+ Steady rests

For a stable and vibration-free roll support, Herkules offers a wide selection of steady rests which can be customized to your specific roll range, particularly with regard to the steady rest pad design and system of lubrication. The portfolio covers a broad range of solutions from manual steady rests to fully automatic one-point steady rests.

+ MonolithTM machine bed

All grinding machines are also available with a patented MonolithTM machine bed. The torsionally rigid and thermostable machine bed is manufactured as a sandwich-built, iron-cast, ribbed upper section made of fiber-reinforced high-quality mineral concrete with a steel floor panel and special damping elements. As there is no metal connection between the upper and lower section, vibrations are effectively damped. The integration of the workpiece bed and grinding bed into a joint machine bed guarantees permanently precise alignment even after many years of operation.

MonolithTM machine beds do not require a foundation. Thus, installation costs and set-up space are minimized.

+ Hydrodynamic / hydrostatic guideways

In order to reduce wear to a minimum, the lubrication system of grinder guideways combines a hydrodynamic and a hydrostatic part. The lubrication of the linear axes and at the grinding spindle bearing is hydrodynamic. Even if machines are used intensively, the running surface needs to be rescraped after 15 years of operation at the earliest. The particularly high pressures of the grinding spindle bearing produce a reliable lubricating film and a permanently wear-free operation. At speeds close to a halt, the hydrostatic lubrication makes sure that there is no contact between the running surfaces.

+ Control and measurement concepts

All control functions are integrated in the KP 10 control developed by HCC/KPM specifically for Herkules grinding machines.

Geometry measuring devices are directly connected to the control without any additional interfaces. The measuring data is therefore transferred very quickly. For operating the sophisticated control functions, the operating system is equipped with real-time data processing (TwinCat). This combination allows for the correction of the grinding operation while the grinding wheel is still engaged – correction on the fly.

Equipment

Herkules grinders can be tailored to individual applications with a broad range of optional equipment:

+ Measuring and inspection systems

High-quality measuring technology is the prerequisite for a precise control of the grinding process and key to achieving perfect grinding results. Herkules offers measuring and inspection systems developed and manufactured within the company group:

+ C-frame

The C-frame measuring gauge measures the roll geometry at a frequency of one µsec. Per second, 1,000 measured values are registered, processed and evaluated. The measuring probes are placed opposite the center of the grinding wheel so that an absolutely exact image of the current grinding status of the workpiece can be displayed.

+ Eddy Current measurement at the roll surface

The Eddy Current measurement reliably recognizes and locates cracks on the roll surface. Changes in the roll texture and subsequent hardening are detected during the measuring process as well. Since the Eddy Current measuring sensor is integrated in the roll measuring system, measurements are carried out during grinding and therefore without delay.

+ Ultrasonic roll sub-surface inspection along the entire roll

Manufacturing defects within the roll as well as fatigue from operation in the mill can be detected during a separately running ultrasonic inspection. The ultrasonic inspection detects possible cracks below the roll surface/in the barrel up to a depth of 250 mm. A typical application of ultrasonic technology is the inspection of compound cast rolls where the critical transition lies between the shell and the core of the roll.

+ Roll Surface Inspection System (RSIS)

The Roll Surface Inspection System registers and records the reflexion of a laser beam on the roll surface. Special image evaluation software detects and displays roll surface defects such as chatter marks and feed lines, commas or combinations of these and defines their location. The system also detects defects which occur only once.

Areas of application of Herkules roll grinders can be expanded by a turning device. Again, Herkules offers a variety of different options:

  • Basic turning device
    The turning device is mounted on the grinding head, not the grinding spindle. It is particularly suitable for machining coated paper rolls. In hot rolling mills, it proves excellently suited for turning edger rolls in roughing stands.
  • Special turning device
    The machine is equipped with a turning saddle that is mounted separately on the grinding table. This turning saddle was especially developed as an additional device for heavy-duty roll grinders used for turning paper rolls.
  • Turning device for heavy-duty machining
    In order to achieve a more substantial stock removal, the grinders can be equipped with a special turning saddle that is mounted on the backside of the machine.

+ CBN grinding with Herkules MACHtechnology

Herkules has successfully developed a grinding technology that uses CBN wheels in cooperation with the Austrian grinding wheel producer Mach Rotec. The combination of Herkules grinders, HCC/KPM controls and measuring devices and Mach Rotec grinding wheels ensures reliable and repeatable grinding results.

By achieving greater stock removal in shorter grinding times, Herkules MACHtechnology saves substantial time. Optimizing stock removal significantly extends roll service life. Further advantages are absolutely homogeneous, flawless surfaces along the entire roll as well as high energy efficiency.

+ Automation

On request of our customers, Herkules roll grinders are delivered with automation systems. The machines must be equipped with the latest version of our CNC control for that. All conceivable automation features can be combined – from measuring and inspection systems to fully automated roll loading systems. Such tailored solutions make each Herkules grinder unique. Herkules experts are happy to advise you on the best options for your machining requirements.

Performance characteristics

  • grinding wheel driving power – 10 to 60 kW
  • workpiece weights of up to 8 t
  • lengths of up to 5,000 mm
  • workpiece diameters of up to 800 mm

If desired, larger dimensions can be realized.

Any further questions?

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